Just like the human common cold, the virus that causes this upper respiratory tract
infection is easily transmitted from one cat to another, so vaccination is imperative if your
pet will come in contact with other cats. Its symptoms may take the form of moderate
fever, loss of appetite, sneezing, eye and nasal discharges. Kittens are particularly affected
but this disease can be dangerous in any unprotected cat, as effective treatment is limited.
Even if a cat recovers, it can remain a carrier for life.
This virus is another major cause of upper respiratory tract infection in cats. Widespread
and highly contagious, its symptoms of fever, ulcers and blisters on the tongue and
pneumonia (inflammation of the lungs) can range from mild to severe, depending on the
strain of virus present. Treatment of this disease can be difficult. Even if recovery does
take place, a recovered cat can continue to infect other animals, as well as experience
chronic sneezing, runny eyes and severe gum disease.
Sometimes known as feline distemper, this disease is caused by a virus so resistant, it can
survive up to one year outside a cat’s body! Therefore, as most cats will be exposed to it
during their lifetimes and infection rates in unprotected cats can run as high as 90% to
100%, vaccination against this potentially fatal disease is absolutely essential. Symptoms can
include listlessness, diarrhea, vomiting, severe dehydration, fever and death.
Infection with the Feline Leukemia Virus can result in a multitude of serious health
problems for your cat — everything from cancerous conditions such as leukemia to a wide
range of secondary infections caused by the destruction of the immune system. In fact, it
is a leading cause of death in North American cats. After initial exposure to the virus, a cat
may show no symptoms for months, if not years. Testing is available to determine the FeLV
status of your cat.